The End Times:
Based on numerical analysis of
the Quran, Hadith, Arabic Words, and Historical Events
www.EndTimesBook.com
Copyright © 2012 - 2017 End Times Research Center All rights reserved.
Infringing on any/all copyright(s), protected by law, regarding this book, any portion of the
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This book consists of 6 Parts (Volumes)
Part 4
Significant Days in History
Part 4 - Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Significant Days of the Islamic Hijri Calendar in History
Chapter 2
Significant Days of the Christian Calendar in History
Chapter 3
Significant Days of the Jewish Calendar in History
Important Hijri years
In this book, we mention specific Hijri years, without necessarily mentioning how they
correspond to Gregorian years. Hijri years are lunar years. Hijri years consist of 354 days and the
leap Hijri years consist of 355 days. So, Hijri years are shorter than Gregorian years by 11 days.
There are 12 months in a Hijri year. Hijri months are either 29 or 30 days. The following shows
the beginning and end of each of the following important Hijri years:
1438 Hijri (starts on October 2, 2016 - ends on September 20, 2017)
1444 Hijri (starts on July 30, 2022 - ends on July 18, 2023)
List of Hijri Months (From the 1
st
to the 12
th
month)
1. مﺮﺤﻣ Muharam: 288
2. ﺮﻔﺻ Safar: 370
3. لوﻷا ﻊﯿﺑر Rabi Al-Awwal (the First): 282 + 68 = 350
4. ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻊﯿﺑر Rabi Al-Thani (the Second): 282 + 592 = 874 [Also known as
Rabi Al-Akhir (the Last) ]
5. ﻰﻟوﻷا ىدﺎﻤﺟ Jumada Al-Ula (the First): 58 + 78 = 136
6. ىدﺎﻤﺟ ﯿﻧﺎﺜﻟا Jumada Al-Thania (the Second): 58 + 597 = 655 [Also known as
Jumada Al-Akhira (the Last) ]
7. ﺟر Rajab: 205
8. نﺎﺒﻌﺷ Shaban : 423
9. نﺎﻀﻣر Ramadan: 1091
10. لاﻮﺷ Shawwal: 337
11. هﻌﻘﻟا وذ Zu Al-Qada: 706 (or 707) + 210 = 916 (or 917)
12. ﮫﺠﺤﻟا وذ Zu Al-Hijja: 706 + 47 = 753
If Allah is willing
Nothing will happen in the Future, including the End Times, unless Allah (s.w.t.) is willing and
permits it to happen. We hereby say: نإ ءﺎﺷ (In-Sha-Allah, meaning “If Allah is willing”) for
each and every statement we make in this book about the future because it is difficult to keep
repeating it after each statement.
Furthermore, we have to remind people that when Allah (s.w.t.) permits something to happen,
that does not necessarily mean Allah (s.w.t.) is pleased with it.
Chapter 1
Significant Days of the Islamic Hijri Calendar in History
Significant days of the Islamic Hijri Calendar in History include:
1. Muharram 15 – 17
Muharram 17 is the 17
th
day of the Hijri Calendar.
The following events happened during this period:
- In the 1870s, while Sudan was part of Egypt which was ruled by the Albanian dynasty of
Muhammad Ali Pasha as an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire, a Muslim scholar in
Sudan named Muhammad Ahmad bin AbdAllah preached renewal of the faith and liberation
of the land, and began attracting followers. On June 29, 1881 (Shaban 1, 1298 Hijri)
(Tammuz 2, 5641 Jewish), he proclaimed himself the Mahdi, the promised redeemer of the
Islamic world. He changed the Shahada, or profession of faith, to include the phrase,
"Muhammad Al-Mahdi is the Khalifa of the Prophet of God," and revised the five pillars of
Islam by replacing the Hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca with the obligation to undertake jihad, and
adding a sixth pillar, which was belief in the Mahdiyya. An Egyptian expedition, dispatched to
attack the Mahdi, was ambushed and slaughtered by the Mahdi’s men on the night of
December 9, 1881 (Muharram 17, 1299 Hijri) (Kislev 17, 5642 Jewish). Egypt sent a larger
expedition to attack Mahdi’s men who were poorly clothed, half starving, and armed only with
sticks and stones, so the Mahdi led a successful assault against the Egyptian forces, defeating
them decisively at dawn, on June 7, 1882 (Rajab 20, 1299 Hijri) (Sivan 20, 5642 Jewish). By
the end of 1882, the Mahdi controlled most of Sudan. In 1882, Egypt (including Sudan), while
remaining as an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire, became an official protectorate of
Britain. On January 26, 1885 (Rabi Thani 9, 1302 Hijri) (Shevat 10, 5645 Jewish), after a ten-
month siege that started on March 13, 1884, the Mahdi’s fighters captured Khartoum (the
capital of Sudan) and killed Charles Gordon, the British Governor. The British public reacted to
his death by acclaiming 'Gordon of Khartoum', who had had a strong Christian faith, a martyred
warrior-saint. Muhammad Ahmad bin AbdAllah was born on August 12, 1844 (Rajab 27,
1260 Hijri) and died due to typhus on June 22, 1885 (Ramadan 9, 1302 Hijri). His great-
grandson, Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi became Prime Minister of Sudan starting from 1966.
- On Saturday, Muharram 17, 1304 Hijri (October 16, 1886) (Tishri 17, 5647 Jewish),
David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel, was born.
- Sykes–Picot Agreement is a secret agreement, between Britain and France, with the assent
of Tsarist Russia, to divide the Middle East, among themselves. The first round of discussions
took place in London on November 23, 1915 (Muharram 16, 1334 Hijri) with the French
government represented by François-Georges Picot, a diplomat with extensive experience in the
Middle East, and the British government represented by Arthur Nicolson. The second round of
discussions took place on December 21, 1915 (Safar 13 (or 14), 1334 Hijri) with the British
now represented by Mark Sykes (British Conservative MP, and assistant to the secretary of
state for war, Lord Kitchener), a leading expert on the Middle East. Sykes–Picot Agreement
is named after its final negotiators, Mark Sykes and François-Georges Picot. The terms of the
agreement were specified in a letter, dated May 9, 1916 (Rajab 6, 1334 Hijri) (Iyar 6, 5676
Jewish), from Paul Cambon, ambassador of France in London, addressed to Edward Grey,
Foreign Secretary of Britain. These terms of the agreement were ratified in a return letter from
Edward Grey to Paul Cambon on May 16, 1916 (Rajab 13, 1334 Hijri) (Iyar 13, 5676 Jewish)
(242,0999.5 or 242,1000
th
Julian day). Sykes-Picot Agreement was revealed to the public for
the first time in Izvestia and Pravda newspapers in Russia on November 23, 1917 (Safar 8, 1336
Hijri), after the Communists came to power in Russia. On November 26, 1917 (Safar 11, 1336
Hijri), in Britain, the Manchester Guardian newspaper (which in 1959, became known as
The Guardian”) printed the text of the Sykes-Picot Agreement.
- On Friday, Muharram 16, 1336 Hijri (November 2, 1917) (Heshvan 17, 5678 Jewish),
Balfour Declaration/Promise was offered in a letter.
- On Muharram 16, 1341 Hijri (September 9, 1922) (Elul 16, 5682 Jewish), the Kemal
Ataturk’s army entered Izmir (Smyrna) (the wealthiest of Ottoman cities) and liberated it from
the Greek occupation which started on May 15, 1919.
- The draft of the British Mandate for Palestine was confirmed by the League of Nations on
July 24, 1922 (Zu Al-Qa’da 29, 1340 Hijri) (Tammuz 28, 5682 Jewish) (2423,259.5th Julian
Day). On September 11, 1922 (Muharram 18, 1341 Hijri) (Elul 18, 5682 Jewish), the oaths of
office for the British High Commissioner and Commander in Chief for Palestine were
administered in Jerusalem. On September 16, 1922 (Muharram 23, 1341 Hijri) (Elul 23, 5682
Jewish) (2423,313.5th or 2423,314th Julian Day), Lord Balfour, representing the United
Kingdom, reminded the Council of the League of Nations of Article 25 of the Mandate for
Palestine. Article 25 allowed for the exclusion of Transjordan from unspecified provisions of the
Mandate. He then presented the TansJordan Memorandum for approval detailing how Britain
intended to implement Article 25. The League of Nations approved the TransJordan
Memorandum on the same day, September 16, 1922. On September 23, 1922 (Safar 1, 1341
Hijri) (Tishri 1, 5683 Jewish) (242,3320.5
th
Julian Day), the U.N. Secretary-General sent a
written confirmation note to Members of the League regarding the memorandum of Britain
relating to Article 25. Based on this memorandum, the Mandate territory was formalized by the
U.K. with the creation of two administrative areas, Palestine, under direct British rule, and
autonomous Transjordan, under the rule of the Hashemite family from the Kingdom of Hijaz in
present-day Saudi Arabia, in accordance with the McMahon Correspondence of 1915. Thus,
TansJordan, meaning the area east of the Jordan river, became exempt from the Mandate
provisions concerning the Jewish National Home. The British Mandate for Palestine came into
effect on September 29, 1923 (Safar 7, 1342 Hijri) (Tishri 7, 5683 Jewish).
- On Thursday, June 4, 1931 (Muharram 17, 1350 Hijri), Sharif of Mecca, King Hussein bin
Ali died in Amman and was buried in the Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.
- On Saturday, November 29, 1947 (Muharram 16, 1367 Hijri) (Kislev 16, 5708 Jewish), the
U.N.’s voted in favor of partitioning Palestine and giving the Jews a significant portion of
Palestine.
- The first Palestine National Congress of 422 delegates was held at the then-brand new
Intercontinental Hotel in the Old City of Jerusalem on May 28, 1964 Gregorian (May 15, 1964
Julian) (Muharram 16, 1384 Hijri) (Sivan 16, 5724 Jewish) and proclaimed the establishment of
the Palestine Liberation Organization (P.L.O.) for the liberation of the occupied Palestine and
to protect the rights and aspirations of the Palestinian people. The Palestinian National Charter
was announced and the Palestine Liberation Army was formed. P.L.O. earliest leader was
Ahmed Shukairy, a lawyer from Haifa. His leadership was quickly eclipsed by that of Yasser
Arafat. The blueprint for the PLO had been drawn earlier by Arab states at an Arab League
meeting held in Cairo from January 13 to 17, 1964.
- On May 18, 1965 (Muharram 17 (or 16), 1385 Hijri) (Iyar 16, 5725 Jewish), Eli Cohen
(نﯾھوﻛ لوؤﺎﺷ نﺑ وھﺎﯾﻟا) was hanged in Marga Square in Damascus, Syria. He was a Jewish spy who
worked for Mossad (Israel’s intelligence service) in Syria. He was born on December 26, 1924
(Jumada Akhira 1, 1343 Hijri) (Kislev 29, 5685 Jewish).
- On March 12, 1971 (Muharram 15, 1391 Hijri), Hafiz Al-Asad was elected President of
Syria in a referendum. He was born in Kurdaha near Ladikia, Syria, on October 6, 1930
(Jumada Ula 13, 1349 Hijri). On November 13, 1970 (Ramadan 14, 1390 Hijri), a coup known
as the Corrective Movement, brought Lieutenant General Hafiz Al-Asad to power in Syria.
On November 19, 1970 (Ramadan 20, 1390 Hijri) (Heshvan 20, 5731 Jewish), the Regional
Command announced the appointment of Hafiz Al-Asad as Prime Minister and Minister of
Defense of Syria. He died in Damascus at the age of 69 on June 10, 2000 (Rabi Awwal 7, 1421
Hijri).
- A man claiming to be the Mahdi in Mecca and his group of 269 militant supporters took
over the Haram Mosque in Mecca on November 20, 1979 (Muharram 1, 1400 Hijri). The
group entered the Grand Mosque under the pretext of attending the Fajr (Dawn) prayer. They
were carrying several caskets with them and mosque guards were told they contained bodies. In
reality, the caskets contained dozens of weapons. During the Fajr prayer, the group chained all of
the mosque’s doors and placed two guards at each door. Several other militants stormed the
microphone room and took control of the mosque’s loudspeakers. Immediately after the prayer,
the group announced the appearance of the Mahdi. They said he had escaped from his enemies
and was taking refuge inside the Grand Mosque. The group then started to pledge allegiance to
the Mahdi. Year 1400 Hijri (the beginning of the current Hijri century) is equivalent to 400, the
numerical value of the Satan. By November 27, 1979 (Muharram 8, 1400 Hijri), most of the
mosque had been retaken by the Saudi National Guard and the Army, though they suffered heavy
casualties in the assault. King Khaled of Saudi Arabia turned to France and its famous GIGN
(National Gendarmerie Intervention Group). So, the French led the Saudi troops and managed to
capture the remaining militants on December 5, 1979 (Muharram 15, 1400 Hijri). On
January 10, 1980 (Safar 21, 1400 Hijri), 63 rebels were publicly beheaded in the squares of
eight Saudi cities.
- On October 23, 1983 (Muharram 16, 1404 Hijri), an attack happened on the barracks of U.S.
and French forces, part of Multinational peacekeepers in Beirut, Lebanon, during the Lebanese
Civil War, killed 241 U.S. and 58 French troops and six civilians. This caused the U.S. to
withdraw its forces from Lebanon.
- Iraq started its invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990 (Muharram 10, 1411 Hijri) (Av 11,
5750 Jewish). On August 8, 1990 (Muharram 16, 1411 Hijri), Iraq declared that Kuwait is the
19
th
province of Iraq. The intervention of the Coalition led by the U.S. started on January 17,
1991 (Rajab 1, 1411 Hijri).
- At night, on May 14, 1998 (Muharram 17, 1419 Hijri) (Iyar 18, 5758 Jewish) (2450,947.5
th
Julian Day), meaning on the eve of May 15 (Muharram 18, 1419 Hijri) (Iyar 19, 5758 Jewish),
Frank Sinatra died in Los Angeles. On May 18, 1998, about 800 - 1000 people, from all over
the East Coast, overflowed from St. Francis Church (the same church in which he was baptized
when he was a baby) onto the street, in Sinatra's hometown of Hoboken, New Jersey, for a public
religious memorial service, at the end of which those in attendance sang his most famous song
"My Way. A private service for the reading of the Rosary took place on Tuesday night May 19,
1998 (Iyar 23, 5758 Jewish) in Beverly Hills. Sinatra’s funeral was held at noon on
Wednesday, May 20, 1998 (Iyar 24, 5758 Jewish) at the Beverly Hills Roman Catholic
church and Cardinal Roger Mahony, archbishop of Los Angeles, led the services. Attendance of
the funeral services was by invitation only. Sinatra's friends from the music and film industry
attended the funeral.His most famous song “My Way” written by Lebanese Canadian singer and
song-writer Paul Anka, tells the World that the End Times is near. The song starts with “And
now the End is near”. People on Twitter asked Sinatra's daughter, Nancy, how she felt about
"My Way" being sung at the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the U.S., she
prophetically replied by tweeting: "Just remember the first line of the song," He was born on
December 12, 1915 (Safar 4, 1334 Hijri) (2420,843.5
th
Julian Day).
- On March 29, 2002 (Muharram 16, 1423 Hijri) (Nisan 16, 5762 Jewish), Israel began what it
called Operation Defensive Shield”, an invasion of Palestinian towns in the West Bank. During
the Operation, Israeli tanks and troops besieged Arafat’s Palestinian Authority Headquarters,
prohibiting him from leaving, from March 29, 2002 till May 2, 2002 (Safar 20, 1423 Hijri)
(Iyar 20, 5762 Jewish). At approximately 2:00 a.m. on April 2, 2002, the Israeli forces invaded
Bethlehem using about 250 tanks and armored personnel carriers, F-16 fighter jets, and Apache
gunships. By 4:30 a.m., Israeli forces seized full control over Bethlehem, except the Old Town of
Bethlehem. Around 11:30 a.m., Israeli occupation forces shelled Santa Maria Church, and as a
result, several priests and nuns were wounded. About 200 Palestinian civilians and militants fled
to the Church of the Nativity, seeking refuge, including Muhammad Al-Madani, the governor
of Bethlehem. In addition, there were some 200 monks resident in the church. The Israeli
security forces besieged of the Church of the Nativity (located over the birthplace cave of
Jesus) in Bethlehem, for 39 days, from April 2, 2002 (Muharram 20, 1423 Hijri) (Nisan 20, 5762
Jewish) till May 10, 2002 (Safar 28, 1423 Hijri) (Iyar 28, 5762 Jewish). During the siege,
Israeli army snipers, from their rooftop positions surrounding the Church, killed seven
Palestinians who were in the Church. After 39 days of siege, an agreement was reached,
according to which the Palestinian militants turned themselves in to Israel and were exiled to
Europe and the Gaza Strip. Palestinians had last sought refuge in the church during Israel’s
occupation of the West Bank in 1967.
- The U.S. - led invasion of Iraq started with airstrikes around 5:30 a.m. local time in Iraq
(2:30 a.m. U.T.C.) on Wednesday, March 20, 2003 (Muharram 16, 1424 Hijri) (Adar II 16,
5763 Jewish) (2452,718.5
th
Julian Day). March 20 is March Equinox day, beginning of the
Spring in the Northern Hemisphere and beginning of the Autumn in the Southern Hemisphere.
The attack on Baghdad started on April 5, 2003 (Safar 2, 1424 Hijri) (2452,734.5
th
Julian Day)
and Baghdad was conquered by U.S. forces on April 9, 2003 (Safar 6, 1424 Hijri) (Nisan 7,
5763 Jewish) (2452,738.5
th
Julian Day).
- On January 4, 2010 (Muharram 17, 1431 Hijri) (2455,200.5
th
Julian Day), the opening
ceremony of Burj (Tower) of Khalifa (Caliph) in Dubai was held. This date was chosen
because January 4 is the anniversary of the accession to the throne of Sheikh Mohammad, the
Ruler of Dubai, after his brother's death on January 4, 2006. Since the completion of its
construction till the present time, it remains not only the World’s tallest building, but also the
tallest man-made structure ever built at 829.8 meters (2,722 ft) high and 163 floors.
2. Safar 22 - 24
Safar 22 is the 51
st
(or 52
nd
) day of the Hijri Calendar.
Safar 23 is the 52
nd
(or 52
rd
) day of the Hijri Calendar.
The following events happened during this period:
- In the evening of December 8, 1917 (Safar 23, 1336 Hijri), the Ottoman Governor of
Jerusalem, Izzat Bey, gave a “Surrender Letter” to former mayor of Jerusalem, Dr. Hussein
Al-Husseini [descendant of Al-Hussein, grandson of Prophet Mohammad (p)], so that he
delivers it to the invading British forces. During this meeting, he re-instated Dr. Hussein
Al-Husseini to the position of Mayor of Jerusalem, the office he had been removed from by
Jamal Pasha in 1915. The Ottoman forces started retreating from Jerusalem during that night.
The next morning shortly before 9:00 a.m. on Sunday, December 9, 1917 (Safar 24, 1336 Hijri)
(Kislev 24, 5678 Jewish) (2421,571.5
th
Julian Day), Hussein Al-Husseini attempted to deliver
the letter of surrender and the keys of the city to British Officers, Sergeants James Sedgwick and
Frederick Hurcombe, just outside Jerusalem's western limits. They refused to take the letter, but
it was eventually accepted by Brigadier-General C. F. Watson, Commander of the 180
th
British
Infantry Brigade. At 10:30 a.m., the British army entered Jerusalem. On that day, all Christian
denominations rang their church bells in celebration of this happy occasion and held prayers. The
head of the British forces, General Allenby, entered Jerusalem on foot through Jaffa Gate on
December 11, 1917 (Safar 26, 1336 Hijri) (Kislev 26, 5678 Jewish). General Allenby said:
"The wars of the Crusaders are now complete.” This event represented the return of the rule of
Children of Israel & Crusaders over Jerusalem after being ruled by Muslims since year 1244.
- General Edmund Allenby, who led the British forces in the conquest of Jerusalem in
December 1917, died on May 14, 1936 (Safar 22, 1355 Hijri) (Iyar 22, 5696 Jewish). He was
born on April 23, 1861 (Shawwal 13, 1277 Hijri) (Iyar 13, 5621 Jewish).
- Barack Obama was born on Friday, August 4, 1961 Gregorian (July 22, 1961 Julian)
(Safar 22, 1381 Hijri) (Av 22, 5721 Jewish) (2437,515.5
th
Julian Day) in Honolulu, Hawaii at
7:24 p.m. local time. Based on Jerusalem Time, it was 8:24 a.m. on Saturday, August 5, 1961
Gregorian (July 23, 1961 Julian) (Safar 23, 1381 Hijri) (Av 23, 5721 Jewish) (2437,516.5
th
Julian Day).
- On June 1, 1967 (Safar 22, 1387 Hijri) (Iyar 22, 5727 Jewish), when war with Israel’s
Arab neighbors was imminent, Moshe Dayan was appointed Minister of Defense of Israel.
He personally oversaw Israel’s capture of East Jerusalem on June 7, 1967.
- A man claimed to be the Mahdi in Mecca and his group of 269 militant supporters took over
the Haram Mosque in Mecca on November, 20, 1979 (Muharram 1, 1400 Hijri). The group
entered the Grand Mosque under the pretext of attending the Fajr (Dawn) prayer. They were
carrying several caskets with them and mosque guards were told they contained bodies. In
reality, the caskets contained dozens of weapons. During the Fajr prayer, the group chained all of
the mosque’s doors and placed two guards at each door. Several other militants stormed the
microphone room and took control of the mosque’s loudspeakers. Immediately after the prayer,
the group announced the appearance of the Mahdi. They said he had escaped from his enemies
and was taking refuge inside the Grand Mosque. The group then started to pledge allegiance to
the Mahdi. Year 1400 Hijri (the beginning of the current Hijri century) is equivalent to 400, the
numerical value of the Satan. King Khaled of Saudi Arabia turned to France and its famous
GIGN (National Gendarmerie Intervention Group). So, the French led the Saudi troops and
managed to capture the remaining militants on December 5, 1979 (Muharram 15, 1400 Hijri).
On January 10, 1980 (Safar 21, 1400 Hijri), 63 rebels were publicly beheaded in the squares of
eight Saudi cities.
- U.S. President George H. Bush Sr. delivered a speech at a joint session of the U.S. Congress
on September 11, 1990 (Safar 21, 1411 Hijri) (Elul 21, 5750 Jewish), titled: "Towards a New
World Order."
- The U.S., Britain, France, and the U.S.S.R. renounced all rights they formerly held in Germany
(as a result of World War II) in the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany
was signed in Moscow, USSR, on September 12, 1990 (Safar 22, 1411 Hijri) (Elul 22, 5750
Jewish).
- Pope John Paul II died on Saturday at 9:37 p.m. Rome Time, on April 2, 2005 (Safar 21
(or 22), 1426 Hijri) (Adar II 22, 5765 Jewish) (2453,462.5
th
Julian Day), meaning eve of
April 3, 2005 (Safar 22 (or 23), 1426 Hijri). Pope John Paul II was buried in the grotto beneath
Saint Peter’s Basilica on April 8, 2005 (Safar 27 (or 28), 1426 Hijri) (Adar II 28, 5765 Jewish).
3. Safar 25 - 28
Safar 26 is the 55
th
(or 56
th
) day of the Hijri Calendar.
Safar 27 is the 56
th
(or 57
th
) day of the Hijri Calendar.
The following events happened during this period:
- The Hijra (Migration) of Prophet Mohammad (p) from Mecca to Medina started after he
learned from the Angel Gabriel, on Thursday, Safar 26, 1 Hijri (September 9, 622 Julian)
(September 12, 622 Gregorian) (Elul 28, 4382 Jewish), about a plot to kill him at Dawn on
Friday, Safar 27, 1 Hijri. Angel Gabriel told Prophet Mohammad (p) not to sleep in his bed
that night and that he should migrate to Medina. The decision to kill him was made in a meeting
of his enemies on Safar 26, 1 Hijri. Prophet Mohammad (p) went to Abu Bakr and told him that
a permission was given to him (meaning from God) for the Khuruj (Coming out, Exodus, or
Departure). Then, he went back to his house and asked his cousin Ali bin Abi Talib to sleep in
Prophet Mohammad (p)’s bed that night, after Prophet Mohammad (p) leaves to Medina, so that
Prophet Mohammad’s enemies would think that the Prophet was sleeping in his house and asked
him to start delivering items that were entrusted to Prophet Mohammad (p) to the individuals
entitled to them in the next morning. At night on Thursday, 26
th
of Safar, 1 Hijri, the enemies
of Prophet Mohammad (p) were surrounding his house, but Angel Gabriel came and told
Prophet Mohammad (p) to leave his house and pass by the enemies waiting outside his house and
God will ensure that they will not be able to see him. Prophet Mohammad (p) left his house as
was told by Angel Gabriel while reciting the first verses of Sura 36 till he reached verse 9 of
this Sura which can be translated as: “And We have put, in front of them, a barrier and, behind
them, a barrier, so We have blocked their vision such that they do not see.” Then, he went to
Abu Bakr’s house and stayed there till midnight and left with Abu Bakr from a back exit and
started their migration journey. On that night, his cousin Ali bin Abi Talib risked his life and
was willing to sacrifice himself by sleeping in Prophet Muhammad's bed, instead of Prophet
Muhammad (p) to thwart the assassination plot against Prophet Muhammad (p). That is why it is
called Laylat (Night) of Al-Mabeet (the Staying). Prophet Mohammad (p) and Abu Bakr reached
a cave in Mount of Thawr where they stayed till Monday, 1
st
of Rabi' Al-Awwal, 1 Hijri,
(September 13, 622 AD Julian). They arrived to Quba, near Medina, on Monday, 8
th
of Rabi
Al-Awwal, 1 Hijri (September 20, 622 AD Julian) where Prophet Mohammad (p) established of
Mosque of Quba, the first mosque in Islam. On Friday, 12
th
of Rabi Al-Awwal, 1 Hijri
(September 24, 622 AD Julian), they left Quba, heading to Medina. Around noon time, they
passed by the locality of Banu Salim bin Auf in a valley about one kilometer away from Quba,
The people of Banu Salim implored: “O Prophet of Allah, you stayed at the homes of our
cousins for a number of days, reward us too with something, for they will pride themselves over
us till the Day of Judgement that you stayed with them”. So, in that locality, the Prophet (p) led
the first Friday Prayer in the history of Islam and delivered the first Friday sermon, in a spot
where a mosque was later built. Because of this event, the Mosque is referred to as the Friday
Mosque, but it is also known as Mosque of Bani Salim, Mosque of Al-Wadi, Mosque of Ghubaib
or Mosque of Aatikah. Approximately 100 Muslims participated in this first Friday Prayer. After
the prayer, Prophet Mohammad (p) continued his journey to Medina. When he reached Medina,
his camel stopped at a specific location and Prophet Mohammad (p) declared that it is the
location where he will establish a mosque, which is known today as the Nabawi Mosque
(Mosque of the Prophet) which is about 2.5 km away from the Friday Mosque.
- Few days before his death, Prophet Mohammad (p) ordered Osama bin Zaid, around
Safar 26 – 27, 11 Hijri to lead an army to invade lands ruled by the Byzantine Empire.
- Most of Shia scholars believe Prophet Mohammad (p) died in Medina on Safar 28, 11 Hijri.
However, most of Sunni scholars believe that he died on Rabi Awwal 12, 11 Hijri.
- Al-Hasan, grandson of Prophet Mohammad (p), died on March 27 (or 6), 670 AD (Safar 28
(or 7), 50 Hijri), due to poisoning.
- Sunni scholar, Imam Al-Awzai died at the age of 69 in the city of Beirut, Lebanon on
Safar 27, 157 Hijri.
- Saif Al-Dawla Al-Hamadani, founder of the Hamadani State that ruled Aleppo, Syria for 60
years, died on Safar 25, 356 Hijri.
- On March 4, 1193 (Safar 27, 589 Hijri), Salah Eddine Al-Ayubi, (who liberated Jerusalem
from the Crusaders on October 2, 1187) died in Damascus, due to fever.
- In 1238, King of Aragon, Jaume (James) the Conqueror, laid siege for five months on
Valencia (Balancia) which was ruled by Muslims. On September 28, 1238, the Muslim forces
finally surrendered. On October 9, 1238 (Safar 27, 636 Hijri), he entered Valencia, capturing
the city from Muslims. Fifty thousand Muslims were forced to leave. This event was the final
end of the rule of the city by Muslims which started around 718 AD, but was interrupted by brief
periods of Christian rule. This is considered the beginning of Kingdom of Valencia which lasted
till 1707. Today, October 9 is a public holiday called Valencia Community Day, celebrated
annually in the Valenciana region of Spain to commemorate the capture of the city of Valencia
from Muslims. Valencia is the principal city in the region.
- Construction of the present St. Peter's Basilica on the Vatican Hill in Rome, replacing the